Chili ( chilli ) is the fruit of various tropical species peppers ( including some varieties of our famous homemade pepper ) with very small fruits that are dried and ground into a powder . Chillies are only 4 cm long , color yellow, green, orange or red , and above all have a hot taste . When the pods are dry and grind receives a cayenne pepper . Name of chili comes from the Spanish word for this type of Chile peppers , since the Spaniards brought to Europe during Columbus’ voyage. Patchwork name stems from the time when the chili brought from a Portuguese and Spanish colonies in South America, Inidiji and Africa , where it is still cultivated. Chili peppers belong to the Capsicum family . There are hundreds of species that can be varied in shape, size , color, taste and spiciness , usually red or green. The most popular varieties include cayenne, habanero , chipotle , jalapeno , anaheim , ancho , Hungarian paprika . Only in Mexico, there are more than 150 Jalapenos and banana chilli, which is sometimes called the Hungarian wax peppers are medium hot and juicy . Poblanosi also mean angry , but their meat is so juicy, while the Serranos angry and less juicy . Chili peppers are used as food , spice , and are appreciated because of its medicinal effects .
|Chilli Peppers ( Chilli )|
Chili pepper ( cayenne or cayenne ) – Capsicum frutescens – is a shrub whose mature fruits are extremely red. Originating from South America , but is now mostly grown in Asia. Although most people think of red , Spanish chili pepper, there are a lot of sub- chili peppers, various sizes and colors. Even ordinary peppers belong to this family . Chili is extremely sharp taste , and twenty times stronger than regular hot pepper . The flavor , however, less aromatic and spicy , much paler color . Dander chili peppers comes from a compound called capsaicin , but other than him, and contains high-quality carotenoids, vitamins A and C , and flavoniode.Glavni ingredient that gives specific anger is capsaicin , a substance that has been shown to lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood, prevent clotting blood , strengthens the immune system and has aphrodisiac , anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties.
American natives since ancient times using chili peppers as a medicine. It is used in Indian Ayurveda and Chinese , Japanese and Korean medicine, to help with digestive problems , to stimulate appetite, muscle pain and frostbite. In Europe and America used preparations for external use – salve, gels and wraps, to reduce pain associated with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, pain in muscles and joints and to improve circulation Capsaicin lowers the temperature , affecting the brain’s center for regulation of body temperature . For this reason, in the tropical and subtropical regions people consume cayenne pepper because it helps them to easily withstand the heat.
The degree of spiciness is expressed in the so-called . Scoville units ( SHU ) . Common pepper has zero SHU , Jalapeno peppers 3000-6000 , while the hottest known chili pepper Jolokia , which is grown in Bangladesh , Northeast Asia and Sri Lanka, and has over 1 SHU milijun.Upotrebljava for salad vegetable dishes , spicy sauce , prayer , in addition to cow’s cheese, stews peppers and beans , and important ingredient of the popular Mexican dishes Chili con carne . The energy content of 100 g red chilli peppers is 40 kcal / 166 kJ . Of this 8.8% carbohydrate , 1.87 % protein and 0.4 % fat. Chili peppers contain a variety of minerals , but in quantities below 10 % RDA . Since vitamin is an excellent source of vitamin C ( 143.7 mg which makes 240 % RDA ) and a good source of vitamin K (14 mg which makes 14% of RDA) . Within 100 g chillies located and 1.5 g dietary fiber, 534 mg of beta-carotene , 709 mg of lutein and zeaxanthin .
|Chilli Peppers ( Chilli )|
In outdoor shows strong analgesic effect , relieves pain by destroying the so-called . ” Compound P ” located in the nerve cells and is responsible for transmission of pain sensation to the brain. This effect is temporary . Chili pepper stimulates blood circulation , lowers blood pressure and cholesterol levels in the blood. Tincture of chili peppers is an effective first aid for a heart attack and bleeding. One teaspoon ( 15 drops ) tincture is diluted in a glass of warm water and a patient every 15 minutes , until the situation calms down . Daily use of tincture strengthens the heart and reduces the risk of heart attack. Digestive , and is used as a means to calm indigestion . Causes sweating , which helps treat colds , sinus problems and fever. Promotes expulsion of mucus from the lungs. Capsaicin soothes migraine and rheumatoid arthritis . Used as a wrap , chili peppers reduce pain in the lower kralježice .
Capsaicin and other ingredients chili peppers act on : reducing aggregation ( aggregation) of platelets , diabetic neuropathy, post-operative pain ( mastectomy – removal of the breast or amputation ) , muscle pain caused by fibromyalgia , pain caused by Raynaud’s disease , the pain of herpes zoster ( neuralgia ) and etc. Although undoubtedly help , creams and gels that contain capsaicin can not cure the primary disease , but only to facilitate state ! Given that the chili pepper extremely irritating , always follow the instructions and do not apply the cream or gel on the affected skin , wounds or mucous membranes. Capsaicin is one of the main ingredients for self-defense sprays . Capsaicin is repellent , and is used in the media against ants and cockroaches . According to some sources, chili pepper helps burn fat . Outdoor use , in the form of gels , balms and lining soothes skin problems and itching in psoriasis .
|Chilli Peppers ( Chilli )|